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Bosnia and Herzegovina

Yearbook 2016

2016 Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina. According to countryaah, Bosnia and Herzegovina formally applied for membership in the EU in February. The application was supported by the dominant parties in the nation and in the Bosnian-Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, but not by those in the Serbian Republic. In September, the EU approved the application and would then decide whether the country met the criteria to become an official candidate country. The road to membership was expected to be long, given the fragile state formation and the great contradictions between the two main parts of the country.

2016 Bosnia and Herzegovina

In March, the verdict came against Radovan Karadžić, who was Bosnian Serb president in 1992-96, in the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague. Karadžić was convicted on ten of eleven charges, including for genocide in connection with the 1995 massacre in Srebrenica, and sentenced to 40 years in prison. Karadžić was arrested in Belgrade in 2008 and had already been detained for eight years.

A disputed referendum was held in the Serbian Republic in September, where over 99% of voters voted to make January 9 an official Bosnian Serb national day. The vote was held even though the Constitutional Court ruled that it violated the Constitution. Both the US and the EU expressed strong opposition and Serbia did not support the initiative. Bosnian critics claimed that the referendum was an exercise in the face of a vote on independence for the Bosnian Serb region. The Bosnian Serbs proclaimed their own state in what was then Yugoslavia on January 9, 1992, during the run-up to the civil war in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

When the results of a census carried out in 2013 were published in July, it turned out that the population of the country has decreased by one-fifth - or 824,000 residents - since 1991, the year before the outbreak of war when a census was made in what was then Yugoslavia. The result caused yet another conflict in the country: the Bosnian Serb government refused to recognize the result, claiming that around 200,000 Bosnians actually lived abroad. The official result showed that just over half of the 3.5 million residents were Bosnians. In the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, over 70% were Bosnians, while over 81% of the residents of the Serbian Republic were ethnic Serbs.

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