Chad. According to
countryaah, the riots of Boko Haram's ravages around Lake Chad
led to a wave of refugees in the region and the UN estimated
during the year that over 6 million people were in urgent
need of food assistance in Chad and its neighboring
countries. Fisheries, agriculture and livestock management
were disturbed, border trade was made more difficult and the
Chad government extended the state of emergency that existed
in the country.
According to Amnesty, Chad housed approximately 450,000
refugees, many of them children who could not attend school.
UN Refugee Agency UNHCR stressed that if the world's richest
countries received refugees in proportion to their size,
poor countries such as Chad would not have to bear such
In February, President Idriss Déby appointed a new Prime
Minister, Albert Pahimi Padacké, former Minister of Justice
and seen as close ally to Déby. Before the upcoming
presidential election, Déby announced that he would run for
a fifth term.
The message triggered widespread protests from the
opposition in several cities. The demonstrations then grew a
daughter of an opposition politician kidnapped and subjected
to group rape, filmed and posted on the Internet. Some of
the perpetrators were reported to be sons of generals and
one of their aides to a minister.
Angry student protests erupted on the streets of the
capital N'Djamenas. Police responded with tear gas, and the
government banned the demonstrations. However, they
continued, military was deployed and two casualties were
required and several students were wounded as soldiers
opened fire. Seven men were later sentenced to ten years in
prison each for kidnapping and rape.
Ahead of the April presidential election, Amnesty called
for the release of four political activists who were
arrested and prosecuted for calling for the protests. When
the trial began, there was a riot between protesters and
police, with some injured as a result. The UST trade union
organization also protested the charge against the four. In
protest, the UST left its seats in the Electoral Commission
and in other agencies for cooperation with the regime.
Idriss Déby won the election with 61.5% of the vote,
according to the official election commission. Saleh Kebzabo
was said to have received just under 13%, but Kebzabo's
party UNDR (National Union for Development and Renewal) and
several opposition parties claimed election fraud from the
ruling party MPS (Patriotic Rescue Movement) and refused to
approve the result.
In May, five Chadian UN soldiers were killed when they
were exposed to blast attacks and gunfire in northern Mali.
Chad's former dictator Hissène Habré was sentenced in May
to life imprisonment for crimes against humanity, torture
and war crimes during his time in power 1982–90. The trial
was held in Senegal, where Habré was arrested in 2013 on
behalf of the African Union. Habré was accused of committing
murder and torture on thousands of regime critics. It is
estimated that more than 40,000 people were killed and over
200,000 were tortured under his rule. The defense claimed
that there was no evidence that Habré knew of the abuse.
In June, Chad began sending around 2,000 soldiers to
Niger to join the fight against the Boko Haram terror group.
President Déby was sworn in for his fifth term in August.
The opposition responded with a big strike in protest, and
Presidential Second Saleh Kebzabo accused the government of
stealing the election and sat down over the law by silencing
political opponents. Tear gas was used by security forces to
disperse protesters gathered despite the ban. At least one
man was killed.
Déby reformed the government and replaced ministers
responsible for defense, finance and the oil industry. The
economy was under severe pressure as low oil prices reduced
export earnings. The unrest in the region also disturbed the
economy. Strikes occurred during the year, including demands
for payment of delayed wages. The International Monetary
Fund (IMF) estimated that GDP would decline by about 1
percent during the year.
When the World Economic Forum ranked how the world's
countries managed to exploit the opportunities of
digitalization and the Internet, Chad ended up last of the
139 listed countries.