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East Timor

Yearbook 2016

Timor. Prolonged drought due to the weather phenomenon of El Niņo caused food and water shortages during the year, which had major consequences for households in East Timor where over 70% of the population lives from self-cultivated crops. Many families were forced to reduce the number of meals and go a long way to fetch water. The children were particularly vulnerable, as a large number were already malnourished. According to a report published by the Humanitarian Partnership Agreement (HPA) in February, nearly 40% of children under 5 years in East Timor were underweight. According to the aid organization Plan International, 70,000 cattle had also died as a result of the drought.

2016 East Timor

According to countryaah, a research report aimed at drawing attention to the upbringing of children was published in the scientific journal eLife in July. The results of the research showed that the world's shortest men came from East Timor and that they had an average length of 160 cm. The world's shortest women were from Guatemala and the tallest men and women came from the Netherlands and Latvia respectively. According to the report, children who have access to nutritious food and a good growing environment tend to become longer. Genes are also an important factor.

The Permanent Arbitration Court (PCA) in The Hague in September agreed to East Timor's request to review a border dispute between Australia and East Timor regarding the distribution of revenue of a large gas and oil field in the Timor Sea. According to the arbitral tribunal, which after initial negotiations stated that the talks were "very successful", an agreement between the countries was expected to be reached in September 2017.

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