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Guinea-Bissau

Yearbook 2016

Guinea Bissau. According to countryaah, Guinea-Bissau underwent a prolonged political crisis during the year. In January, 15 MPs were expelled from the state-carrying African Independence Party of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde (PAIGC), which also belongs to President José Mário Vaz.

2016 Guinea-Bissau

The reason was that by the end of 2015, politicians cast their votes in a vote in Parliament, which resulted in one of the government's legislative proposals falling. PAIGC then tried to replace the members with other persons, a measure that was rejected by the Supreme Court in May. President Vaz dismissed the government just over a week later, citing that Prime Minister Carlos Correira failed to get through his politics in parliament.

Baciro Djá, who was prime minister for a short month, was appointed as new prime minister in 2015. However, Vaz ended up on a collision course with strong forces within PAIGC which launched another candidate for the Prime Minister's post. The President therefore had to rely on the support of opposition politicians in the Social Renewal Party (PRS) and from the 15 MPs who were excluded from PAIGC in January. The act, which Correira called a constitutional coup, led to protests outside the presidential palace and PAIGC refused to recognize the appointment of the Djá.

Mediators from the West African collaborative organization ECOWAS were called in and an agreement was signed in September. The so-called roadmap meant, among other things, that a collaborative government should be formed with the task of governing the country for two years. However, the implementation was delayed and in November, Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, who was in Guinea-Bissau as ECOWAS representative, called on the parties to take action so that a prime minister and government approved by Parliament could be appointed. In connection with the ECOWAS delegation's visit to the country, protesters demanded Vaz's resignation and that new elections should be announced. Later that month, Vaz disbanded the government and appointed Umaro Sissoco Embaló as new prime minister, but PAIGCC refused to cooperate with him as well.

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