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Kyrgyzstan

Yearbook 2016

Kyrgyzstan. According to countryaah, reduced production of gold and silver put severe pressure on the country's economy. In January, exports fell by about 40% and GDP fell sharply. Kyrgyzstan was also severely affected by the recession of the Russian Federation and China's economic slowdown.

2016 Kyrgyzstan

The government was in long-standing conflict with Canada-based Centerra Gold, the owner of the largest gold mine Kumtor, on the distribution of profits. The Eco Crime Authority raided Centerra on suspicion of financial crime, and the company was also fined for environmental damage. It was the first of several lawsuits on large sums. In June, President Almazbek Atambayev ordered state prosecutors to investigate the legality of the agreements with Centerra. The company, which is the country's largest investor and taxpayer, said its business was threatened and turned to the international arbitration tribunal in Stockholm to try to resolve the disputes with the government.

President Atambayev accused his political opponents of trying to destabilize the country by escalating a border conflict with Uzbekistan. He also claimed that the security service had evidence that opposition politicians intended to oust him by turning up the crowds. Two accused politicians responded that the security service's audio recordings were false.

In April, Prime Minister Temir Sarijev resigned after a parliamentary commission accused the government of corruption in procurement for a road construction. Sariyev said he was innocent, claiming that political rivals were trying to hurt the government through rumors.

As new Prime Minister, Parliament elected President Atambayev's ally Sooronbay Jeenbekov. He was nominated by Atambayev's party of the Social Democrats, the largest in the four-party government.

In August, 17 Kyrgyz guest workers were killed in a fire in Moscow. About half a million Kyrgyz people work in the Russian Federation, often in poor environments and with poor fire safety.

In August, China's embassy in Bishkek was attacked by a suicide bomber, who himself lost his life and injured three security guards. Suspicions were directed at Uighur separatists from neighboring Chinese Xinjiang.

President Atambayev ran a referendum during the year on amendments to the constitution that strengthened the prime minister's role. The opposition accused Atambayev of planning to take over that role himself when he resigns as president in 2017.

In the midst of the conflict, Atambayev was removed from the country when on his way to the UN in New York landed in Turkey and then flown to a Moscow hospital, reportedly with heart problems. Rumors said that Atambayev was deliberately staying away if he lost the power struggle at home.

When Atambayev returned, the government cracked down on the draft constitutional amendment. The Socialist Party of Fathers thought that the proposal would give the head of government too much power. Atambayev's Social Democrats left the coalition, and Prime Minister Sooronbay Jeenbekov resigned. The Social Democrats, Kyrgyzstan Party and Unity formed a new majority government, where Jeenbekov again became head of government.

In December, the planned referendum said yes to the constitutional changes that give the prime minister extended powers.

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