Malaysia. According to
countryaah, the trips around the scandalous government
investment fund 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB) rolled
on during the year and characterized the policy. Suspected
irregularities revealed in 2015 alleged that large sums were
illegally transferred to Prime Minister Najib Razak and a
circle around him.
In January, the prosecutor filed a $ 681 million
investigation that was transferred to Najib's private bank
accounts. His conclusion was that the money was a gift from
the Saudi royal house for Najib's 2013 election campaign and
was not linked to 1MDB. In addition, Najib had returned
almost the entire sum. Saudi Arabia's foreign minister also
confirmed the gift.
The opposition criticized the prosecutor's conclusions
and repeated the demands for Najib's departure. For many
years, Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad left the UMNO
party, which dominates the government coalition. He formed a
new party in September, the PPBM (United Party for
Malaysia's native). Co-founder was Muhyiddin Yassi, who
Najib dismissed as Deputy Prime Minister in 2015 when he
demanded a more thorough investigation into 1MDB.
Despite the criticism, the government coalition clearly
won the regional election in the state of Sarawak on Borneo,
which was seen as a test of its popularity. It received 72
out of 82 seats in the state assembly.
The US Department of Justice went to court in July to
seize $ 1 billion worth of assets. They are suspected to
originate from 1MDB and have been used to purchase assets in
the United States in violation of money laundering rules.
Investigations continued in Singapore and Switzerland.
In November, tens of thousands of people gathered in the
capital Kuala Lumpur demanding reform and anti-corruption.
Before the demonstration, about ten members of the coalition
Bersih were organized, which organized the protest. Bersih
brings together nearly 100 individual organizations.
The government was criticized for striking against media
editorials and for trying to silence critics with the help
of contentious security laws that were tightened during the
year in anticipation of fighting terrorism.
An opposition politician was sentenced in November to 18
months in prison for having leaked an audit report on 1MDB
but appealed against the verdict. The human rights group
Human Rights Watch warned that the government was trying to
control the legal community by pushing through charter
The fall in oil prices and subdued demand in China, among
other things, have burdened the economy. The government
estimated growth in 2016 at just over 4% and is not expected
to increase in 2017. The central bank unexpectedly lowered
its policy rate in July - the first cut in seven years - to
support domestic demand.
Najib dismissed speculation that he was considering
moving forward the election that was planned for 2018. Some
analysts considered it a possibility that the government did
not want to risk losing further electoral support.
In June, eight people were injured in a grenade attack on
a bar on the outskirts of the capital. It was reported to be
the first deed performed by supporters of the Islamic State
(IS) in the country. Since 2013, the country has arrested
over 200 suspected IS supporters.
Investigations continued on the 2014 airline disasters
that hit Malaysia Airlines. There was still no clear
conclusion as to why the MH370 disappeared with 239 people
on board. The search effort in the Indian Ocean is likely to
be discontinued in 2017 when the remainder of the
120,000-square-kilometer search area was searched.
Regarding flight MH17, which was shot down over Ukraine
with 298 people aboard, the Dutch-led investigation
confirmed in September that the Russian-made Bukmissil that
hit the plane was taken into rebel-controlled territory from
the Russian Federation. Moscow questioned the task.