Mexico. As part of the fight against organized crime, the
authorities succeeded on January 8 to seize the country's
most well-known and most wanted criminal Joaquín "El Chapo"
Guzmán Loera, leader of the Sinaloa cartel and who, during
embarrassingly spectacular forms, fled from a high security
prison in July 2015, in Los Mochis. the state of Sinaloa.
At the same time, violence increased significantly during
the year, despite President Enrique Peña Nieto's assurances
to the contrary. Fears increased for escalating violence,
especially in the states of Jalisco and Veracruz.
Particularly noteworthy was the announcement in August that
"El Chapos" son Jesús Alfredo Guzmán Salazar along with six
other men were kidnapped by a rival league in Puerto
Vallarta in the state of Jalisco. The state of Guerrero was
particularly affected. In the course of a weekend in
November, 26 people were murdered and ten were kidnapped as
a result of wars between various drug gangs. A similar
murder wave occurred in early August with 24 dead, eleven of
them in the capital and the tourist resort of Acapulco,
which is now ranked as the world's fourth most violent city.
The number of murders in Guerrero during the first ten
months of the year amounted to 1,832. Guerrero Governor
Héctor Astudillo advocated that opium poppies should be
legalized to reduce drug-related violence. About 60% of
Mexico's opium poppy production takes place in Guerrero.
countryaah, the government's failure to cope with crime and
corruption undermined the confidence of President Peña
Nieto. In August, opinion polls showed that 76% of those
surveyed felt the country was on the wrong path under his
leadership. In addition to the discontent with the security
situation, a bill on legalizing same-sex marriage caused
protests by conservative groups with tens of thousands of
participants across the country in early September. In June,
thousands of teachers also protested against the
government's education policy, and eight people were killed
in clashes between protesters and police in the state of
The opinion was reflected in the state elections in
twelve of the country's states on June 5. The Governing
Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) lost six of nine
governor posts, while the Opposition National Action Party
(PAN) won seven, three of which were in coalition with the
Democratic Revolutionary Party (PRD). PRI's losses in
Veracruz, Tamaulipas, Durango and Quintana Roo were
particularly spectacular as the states have been ruled
continuously by the party for 90 years. A similar pattern
was seen in the elections to the state congresses and mayor
posts held at the same time.
The election of Donald Trump to US President November 8
put hard pressure on the Mexican currency, which fell by 13%
against the dollar in one day. The fears were that Trump's
protectionist rhetoric during the election campaign would
lead to less trade and renegotiation of the NAFTA Free Trade
Agreement, which, in addition to the United States and
Mexico, also includes Canada.