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Moldova

Yearbook 2016

Moldova. According to countryaah, the political crisis from last year survived. Moldova was without government, and when the parliament was to appoint a new prime minister in January, the vote failed because too many members were absent.

2016 Moldova

The Democratic Party (PDM) nominated the disputed oligarch Vlad Plahotniuc as new head of government. This led to protests, and President Nicolae Timofti rejected Plahotniuc. The presidential office of the president was proposed, but he withdrew his candidacy. Instead, Minister of IT and Communications Pavel Filip, also from PDM, was nominated and he was approved as head of government with 57 of Parliament's 101 seats.

Then the parliament was stormed by protesters who broke through the police's barricades to protest the new government. They demanded that the vote be annulled, claiming that Philip and his government acted as agents for Plahotniuc, considered Moldova's most powerful man and accused of corruption.

In the background, there were disclosures in 2015 that about $ 1 billion disappeared from the banking system through corruption. Currency leu had fallen sharply and the poor Moldavians were seeing their standard of living deteriorate further.

The new government, which hoped to bring the country closer to the EU, received a rescuing hand from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), which resumed its loans to Moldova during the year, including conditions for combating corruption.

But the protests continued with about 15,000 protesters at the end of January. Opposition groups from Prorean and pro-European parties did the same thing and demanded new elections, despite the fact that the country has just received its third government in less than a year.

In an opinion poll, nearly half responded that they did not trust any of the country's leaders. Many felt that Moldova's best chance was to unite with Romania; historically, the two countries have come together. Thousands of people demonstrated for this.

A remission from the government's critics came in March when Parliament announced that the president should be re-elected by the people. The Constitutional Court had rejected the previous amendment to the Constitution which gave Parliament a mandate to appoint the head of state. Election of new president was announced until October.

In June, former Prime Minister Vlad Filat was sentenced to nine years in prison on charges of responsibility in the big banking scandal. Among other things, he was accused of taking large bribes. Filat claimed innocence and said the prosecution was political. Many people believed that the real people responsible for the scandal were at large.

This fall's presidential election was mainly between the Prorussian candidate, former Minister of Trade and Economy Igor Dodon of the Socialist Party, and EU-friendly government candidate Maia Sandu, former Minister of Education and economist at the World Bank. Dodon won the first round in October before Sandu, and in the decisive round between the two in November, Igor Dodon won 52.3% of the vote against 47.7% for Maia Sandu.

The loser claimed electoral fraud and her supporters demonstrated in the capital. The winner Dodon tried to calm the emotions by mitigating his statements from the electoral movement about breaking the cooperation agreement with the EU. He said that relations with the Russian Federation should be improved without changing relations with the EU.

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