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Nicaragua

Yearbook 2016

Nicaragua. President Daniel Ortega won a landslide victory in the November 6 presidential election with 72% of the cast, his third victory in a row. Second place was Maximino Rodríguez from the PLC (Constitutional Liberal Party) with only 15%.

2016 Nicaragua

According to countryaah, two opposition alliances had called on voters to boycott the election because of alleged irregularities and organized protest marches across the country in the weeks before the election. The call sounded largely unheard, even though the opposition claimed that the election authority's 68% turnout was false and the correct figure was a record low 22%.

Not only the opposition accused the government of rigging the election. Foreign observers and domestic organizations also claimed that the election campaign was fraught with serious incidents, such as threats and harassment by people associated with the ruling party FSLN (the Sandinist Front for National Liberation). The electoral court, which is considered completely controlled by Ortega and the FSLN, disqualified, for example, in July 28 members of the opposition party PLI (Independent Liberal Party) from participating in the congress election, where predictably the FSLN won 70 out of 90 seats. The fact that Ortega appointed his own wife Rosario Murillo as vice presidential candidate only strengthened the impression of the state as governed by a party and family dynasty.

FSLN's control over the state institutions certainly played a major role in the exit, but at the same time Ortega was de facto popular. Several opinion polls indicated that he would win the election. Both poverty and crime have declined significantly during his reign and economic growth has been high. For 2015, growth of 4.9% was registered, the second highest in Central America, and for the next two years the forecast from a UN commission of 4.5% was read. However, warning signals came from Nicaragua's two most important trading partners the US, where concerns were expressed about the institutional situation in the country, and Venezuela, which was in a deep economic and political crisis.

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