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Qatar

Yearbook 2016

Qatar. The population of Qatar was reported in March to have passed 2.5 million. The number of residents has increased from less than 1 million in just ten years as a result of the large influx of foreign workers in the oil industry and the construction sector.

According to countryaah, results from a census carried out last year showed that 58% of the population lived in what was officially called "labor camps". An overwhelming majority of them were men.

The conditions for migrant workers and, not least, poor accommodation, have long been criticized by human rights groups. The week before the report was published, 13 workers were killed in a fire in a labor camp. However, the government rejected the charges during the year, pointing out that the first of seven planned communities will be opened, which will hold a total of 260,000 workers.

2016 Qatar

In November 2006, the English-language version of al-Jazeera went live and quickly overtook BBC World in viewership. BBC World had until then been the largest global TV channel of high quality. Al Jazeera's English-language channel contributes to breaking the censorship prevalent in most Western media - especially around coverage of the Israel / Palestine conflict.

Hamad Bin Jassem Bin Jabr Al-Thani was appointed Prime Minister in April 2007, replacing Abdullah ibn Khalifa al-Thani. The new prime minister is considered to be the government's strongest man.

In 2007-08, the country's economy benefited from the right oil prices. It will continue for about 40-50 years before the country's oil and gas reserves are exhausted.

As in the other Gulf states (and Western Europe), migrant workers have continued to suffer harsh conditions, being subjected to discrimination and violence. About 80% of the population are migrant workers.

In February 2010, Qatar signed a defense agreement with Iran involving the exchange of technical committees, cooperation around training and security cooperation to combat terror and insecurity in the region. In March, Qatar's Prime Minister fully supported Iran's nuclear program and recognized the country's full right to use nuclear energy for peaceful purposes.

In December 2010, FIFA chose Qatar to host the soccer world championships in 2022. Qatar pledged to spend $ 80-100 billion. US $ to build 9 new stadiums, a new airport, metro and rail lines, a new bridge to Bahrain, 54 training camps and a large number of new hotels. From 2012 and 13, more and more reports about the horrific conditions under which the construction workers were working began to emerge. All construction workers are foreign - a large number of them from Nepal - and they work under slave-like conditions and are exposed to a large number of accidents due to lack of safety at work. 90% of the workforce in Qatar is foreign. The reports in 2013 and 14 became so severe that the pressure to take Qatar host role grew.

Despite calls on Facebook and Twitter, Qatar never joined the Arab Spring. This must be seen in light of the fact that the country's own population of more than 200,000 lives a comfortable life serviced by 1.5 million people. guest workers without rights. Human rights continue to have difficult conditions in the sovereign state. Blogger Sultan al-Khalaifi was arrested on March 2, 2011 and held in isolation for a week. He was released again April 1 without charges. Al-Khalaifi is at the same time the founder of a human rights organization in the country. Public servant Salem al-Khawari was arrested Feb. 7 and was held without charge until Oct. 18. The first 3 months in complete isolation. He was forced to get up 15 hours a day, prevented from sleeping and was beaten. Authorities subsequently declined to investigate the chargestorture. At least 6 people were sentenced to whip punishment in 2011 and 3 were sentenced to death without the sentence being enforced.

The outbreak of the "Arab Spring" in 2011 led to a dramatic political shift for the emir's TV channel al-Jazeera. The channel had until then played a progressive and critical role in the otherwise conservative Arab media world, but the emir feared that the democratic tendencies would eventually overthrow him too, just as the dictators of Tunisia and Egypt were overthrown. Al-Jazeera now became a political tool for the emir and aimed to suppress news of democratic trends in the conservative Arab states, while helping to bring down the non-conservative states. Initially Libya and then Syria. The violent backlash in the conservative direction led many journalists to leave the station.

 

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