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Somalia

Yearbook 2016

Somalia. According to countryaah, the fight against the militant Islamist movement al-Shabab continued during the year. One of the most notable attacks the militia committed was the January attack on one of the African Union bases in southern Somalia when more than 60 Kenyan soldiers were killed.

2016 Somalia

In the same month, 20 people were killed when a popular restaurant in the capital Mogadishu suffered a terror attack. Another 40 people fell victim to attacks in Mogadishu and Baidoa in February. In February, al-Shabab also expelled AU troops and took control of the port city of Marka, southwest of Mogadishu. In March, the Islamists entered the city of Garad in Puntland and in October the city of Halgan in central Somalia after Ethiopia withdrew its forces from there.

US warplanes and drones, for their part, attacked Islamist bases and killed up to 150 militia members in March. In June, Mohamed Kuno was killed, who in April 2015 led the attack on the university in the Kenyan city of Garissa. In the same raid, three other high-ranking al-Shabab leaders and another 15 militia members were killed. In April, a reporter who previously worked at Radio Andalus controlled by al-Shabab was executed. He was accused of helping Islamists murder five Somali journalists in 2007-11. In May, two men were sentenced to life imprisonment for an attack on an airplane in February and eight other people were given shorter prison sentences for involvement in the same act.

The bloody attacks continued during the year and al-Shabab also threatened to step up its activity after the elections were announced. The announcement of the upcoming elections was made in July and the elections were scheduled to be held in September - October. For various reasons, the elections to Parliament were postponed until November but could be held in stages in November. The OAG reported on widespread corruption and was supported by information published by the BBC on its website. The presidential election, which was appointed by Parliament, was postponed several times and could never be carried out during the year.

Despite the violence, a regional summit with the heads of state from Somalia, Uganda, Kenya and Djibouti as well as the Prime Minister from Ethiopia could be held in Mogadishu in September for the first time since 1991. In September, a sudden ban was imposed on the import of the drug khat by flight from Kenya. Before the ban, an estimated 15 freight plan with khat came daily to Mogadishu. In September, the Kenyan authorities and the UN Refugee Commission (UNHCR) were criticized by the human rights organization Human Rights Watch (HRW) for dealing with Somali refugees who were tempted to leave the huge Dabaab refugee camp in Kenya. According to the report, many broke out of the camp for fear of being forced to do so later without receiving the compensation promised.

In November, fighting broke out between militia forces from the autonomous regions of Puntland and Galmudug in the city of Gaalkacyo, which is on the border between the regions. The dispute concerned new buildings in the city. After several food shortages during the year, a large number of aid organizations in November warned of a famine disaster of the same magnitude as that which Somalia suffered in 2011. Like then, the situation with insufficient rainfall was aggravated by the ongoing violence.

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