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United States

Yearbook 2016

USA. Of the twelve Republican candidates ahead of this fall's presidential election, which was included when the primary election began in February, seven withdrew from the first month already. Quite immediately, Donald Trump emerged as the leading candidate, even though he was contentious even within the party. In May, it was clear that Trump won the nomination.

2016 United States

In the Democratic primary elections, Bernie Sanders became a more difficult contender for the favorite-tipped Hillary Clinton than many expected. According to countryaah, the 74-year-old professional politician, above all, attracted young voters. It was only when all the primary elections were held in June that he put down his campaign and expressed his support for Clinton in the election.

2016 United StatesAhead of the July party convention, Republicans appointed Indiana Governor Mike Pence as vice presidential candidate, while Democrats appointed Virginia Senator Tim Kaine. During the fall, most polls pointed to Clinton's victory in the Nov. 8 election, despite the disclosure that she, as Secretary of State, used a private mail server, in violation of the rules, as well as allegations of too close ties with the financial elite on Wall Street.

At the same time, several leading Republicans sharply distanced themselves from Trump, who appeared to be incalculable, ignorant and rude, and who made racist, sexist and false statements. Among a number of controversies were verbal attacks on a Muslim man whose son fell into the U.S. Army, a disastrous death threat to Clinton, hint that the United States would not live up to its commitments within NATO, and allegations that Obama and Clinton founded the terrorist state Islamic State (IS).

In the Nov. 9 election, surprisingly, Trump won with 306 electoral votes against Clinton for 232. However, she received just over 2.5 million more votes. In the contemporary congressional elections, Republicans retained their majority even though they backed slightly in both chambers.

Trump continued to cheer for his supporters and disgust among detractors, not least through his nominations for top posts where many belonged to the financial elite or were generals but lacked political experience.

After the election, intelligence agencies reported that the Russian Federation was actively working for a victory for Trump, including through hacker attacks against the Democrats. Trump dismissed the information, but President Obama expelled 35 Russian diplomats just before New Year and imposed some sanctions in protest of the data breach.

The Supreme Court was a judge short almost all year. When Judge Antonin Scalia died suddenly in February, the possibility was opened that the balance of power in the court would tip over from the favor of the Conservatives to the Liberals. But the Republican-dominated Senate refused to even discuss the nominee presented by President Barack Obama. As a result, Scalia's place remained vacant throughout the year and the court could not decide questions where there was an even weight between the eight judges.

When Obama went to Cuba in March, it was the first time since 1928 that an American president visited the country. In May, he visited Hiroshima in Japan, becoming the first US president at the site of the first nuclear bomb 71 years earlier.

In June, 49 people were killed when a man opened fire at a gay club in Orlando, Florida in what was described as the worst mass shooting in US history. The perpetrator who was shot dead himself had sworn allegiance to the terrorism IS just before the act.

The debate over disproportionate police violence against African Americans gained new fuel after two almost simultaneous incidents in July where one man was shot dead in Louisiana and one in Minnesota. Police officers' vulnerable position came into focus when a black war veteran the day after the Minnesota shooting killed five police officers in Texas, and just over a week after that, a black Navy veteran shot dead three police officers in Louisiana.

A disputed law was passed which meant that relatives of victims of the September 11 attacks in 2001 were given the opportunity to sue Saudi Arabia, from where 15 of the 19 aircraft came. Obama tried to stop the law, which he claimed created a dangerous precedent, but he was voted down by Congress. It was Obama's twelfth veto and the first to be voted down.

Resistance to the construction of an oil pipeline in North Dakota grew into the largest protest action among Indigenous people in the United States in modern times. Residents of the Sioux Reserve Standing Rock set up a protest camp in April and eventually joined other indigenous people as well as environmental and activist groups. The protesters claimed that the management threatened a water source and invaded places sacred to the Sioux people. In September, the protests turned into violent clashes with police using tear gas, rubber bullets and water cannons. In December, a federal government stopped building. Many cheered while others thought the stop was temporary.

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