Yemen. The ceasefire and the peace talks that started in
Switzerland in December collapsed in early January. The
civil war continued between Shiite Muslim Hire Rebels and
the government side, which had the support of an alliance of
countries led by Saudi Arabia, with great civilian suffering
as a result. The alliance that carried out air strikes
against the rebels was accused of systematically targeting
the civilian population. Warnings from both the UN and human
rights organizations came that, among other things, the use
of cluster bombs could constitute war crimes. According to
countryaah, there were
also accusations that civilians were deliberately starved.
In March, more than 100 people, most of them civilians,
were killed in an airstrike against a marketplace in Mastaba
in northwestern Yemen. The attack was one of the bloodiest
to date during the war, which then lasted for a year.
After several months of diplomatic efforts by UN envoy
Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed, a new ceasefire was signed in
April, and new peace talks began in Kuwait. Negotiations
were carried out in rounds, without any major progress, at
the same time as the ceasefire was only partially held. At
the beginning of August, the talks broke down completely and
the air strikes resumed after a three-month delay. The
fighting gradually escalated and there was great concern
that the conflict would spread in the region, partly because
of recurring Huthi attacks in Saudi Arabia.
Since bombs hit a hospital in the country's
rebel-controlled northwestern part, Doctors Without Borders
announced in August that its staff would leave six hospitals
in Yemen. The relief organization accused the Saudi-led
alliance of indiscriminate air strikes. A study showed that
over a third of air strikes hit civilian targets such as
hospitals, schools and mosques.
The Huthis conducted several attacks against foreign
vessels in the strategically important Bab al-Mandab Strait
between Aden Bay and the Red Sea. A ship from the United
Arab Emirates met in early October. According to the
Emirates, it was a civilian ship with auxiliary broadcasts
on board, while the Houthis claimed it was a warship.
Subsequently, robots were also fired at an American fighter,
which however was not hit. As a result, for the first time,
the US military fired directly at the health-controlled
area, knocking out three radar stations. For several years,
the United States had used drones to strike al-Qaeda in
A Saudi air raid against a funeral in the capital Sana in
October claimed the lives of about 150 people and injured
over 500. Among the dead, many were from the country's
political and economic elite. The attack was condemned by
Saudi Arabia's allies, and the UN Secretary-General demanded
an investigation. The Alliance regretted the incident and
stated that a mistake had been made.
On October 22, a new ceasefire was launched, the sixth
since March 2015, following pressure from the US, the EU and
the UN. It enabled supplies of supplies to millions of
people in need for three days. However, hopes that the
ceasefire would be extended and run further came to shame.
Towards the end of the year, the rebels still controlled
most of western Yemen, including the coast towards the Red
Sea and the capital Sana. Around 14 million people - more
than half the population - suffered acute food shortages. Of
the 10,000 people who were estimated to have been killed in
the war, around 4,000 were civilians.